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Infection Biology Unit

Infection Biology Unit

Influenza viruses pose a global health threat, particularly to infants and the elderly. The viruses constantly change. As a consequence, vaccines have to be constantly adapted and therapeutics may cease to be effective. Therefore, we seek to develop novel influenza therapies. One focus of our work is on the host cell protease TMPRSS2 since we obtained evidence that TMPRSS2 depend on the protease for acquisition of infectivity and spread in the host. Moreover, we are investigating how defective interfering particles (DIPs) can be generated in the absence of infectious virus and how DIPs inhibit influenza virus infection.

Emerging viruses that are transmitted from animals to humans may cause severe disease. Outbreaks frequently occur abroad but the responsible viruses might be imported into Germany due to infected travelers. We are investigating how emerging viruses interact with host cells and cause disease. A recently started project focuses on lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). LCMV is related to the highly pathogenic Lassa virus, circulates globally and is responsible for outbreaks of lethal hepatitis in marmoset colonies. Moreover, LCMV may cause severe disease in immunosuppressed patients and can constitute a threat to pregnant woman and their unborn children. In addition to LCMV and Ebola virus we are also investigating MERS coronavirus. The aim of our research is to develop cell culture systems that allow predicting transmissibility and thus pandemic potential of novel MERS coronavirus variants.

Another focus of our research is on primate herpesviruses. The transmission of herpes B virus from macaques to humans as well as transmission of related viruses among non-human primates can cause serve disease. We are investigating which viral and host factors determine whether infection will result in severe disease. Moreover, we are developing diagnostics for herpesvirus infections of non-human primates. Finally, we are offering diagnostics for many other viral infections of non-human primates, including a chip-based antibody detection system useful for screening of non-human primate colonies.

Recent publications summarized in three sentences