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Prof. Dr. Christian Roos

Leitender Wissenschaftler


+49 551 3851-300


Kellnerweg 4
37077 Göttingen

siehe UniVZ

Phylogenie, Phylogeographie, Evolution, Genetik, Primaten, Naturschutz

since 2020: apl. Prof. at the Georg-August-University Göttingen, Germany

2013: Habilitation and "venia legendi" in Zoology, Faculty of Biology and Psychology, Georg-August-University Göttingen, Germany

2012-2014: Leopoldina Working Group Member Challenges for Taxonomic Research in the “-omics”-Age

2012-2018: President Chances for Nature e.V.

since 2011: Supervisory Board Member German Primate Center

since 2008: Senior Scientist, Primate Genetics Laboratory, German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany

since 2006: Vice Chair IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, Southeast Asia/Indochina

2004-2007: Post-Doc, Primate Genetics Laboratory, German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany

since 2003: Head Indochinese Primate Conservation Genetics Project

2003: Doctor rer. nat., Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany

2000-2003: Doctoral Student, Primate Genetics Laboratory, German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany

2000: Diploma Thesis and Final Exam in Biology, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany

1995-2000: Study of Biology, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany

since 1995: Head Gene Bank of Primates


Mammal taxa described:

Cacajao amuna Ennes Silva et al. 2022

Trachypithecus popa Roos et al. 2020

Hoolock tianxing Fan et al. 2017

Pongo tapanuliensis Nater et al. 2017

Melogale cucphuongensis Nadler et al. 2011

Nomascus annamensis Thinh et al. 2010

Trachypithecus cristatus selangorensis Roos et al. 2008

Avahi peyrierasi Zaramody et al. 2006

Avahi meridionalis meridionalis Zaramody et al. 2006

Avahi meridionalis ramanantsoavani Zaramody et al. 2006

Lepilemur aeeclis Andriaholinirina et al. 2006

Lepilemur randrianasoli Andriaholinirina et al. 2006

Lepilemur sahamalazensis Andriaholinirina et al. 2006

Lepilemur mittermeieri Rabarivola et al. 2006

Microcebus lehilahytsara Roos & Kappeler 2005 in Kappeler et al. 2005

Mirza zaza Kappeler & Roos 2005 in Kappeler et al. 2005

Im Druck

Costa-Araújo R, Bergamasco G, Roos C, Farias IP, Hrbek T: Notes on the distribution and habitat use of marmosets (Callithrichidae: Mico) from south-central Amazonia. Primat Biol

Danabalan R, Merkel K, Schnell IB, Arandjelovic M, Boesch C, Brazzola G, Dieguez P, Dupain J, Kambale-Vyalengerrera M, Kühl HS, Hoffmann C, Lapuente J, Thinh VN, Zimmermann F, Leendertz FH, Gilbert MTP, Roos C, Mazzoni C, Gogarten JF, Calvignac-Spencer S: Mammal mitogenomics from invertebrate-derived DNA (iDNA). eDNA

Vega R, Hopper J, Kitchener AC, Catinaud J, Roullet D, Robsomanitrandrasana E, Hollister JD, Roos C, King T: The mtDNA diversity of captive ruffed lemurs (Varecia spp.): implications for conservation. Oryx



Adade E, Roos C, Chuma IS, Sylverken AA, Knauf S (2023): No evidence for yaws infection in a small-scale cross-sectional serosurvey in Ghanaian monkeys. Vet Med Sci 9: 507-512.

Blair ME, Cao GTH, López-Nandam EH, Veronese-Paniagua DA, Birchette MG, Kenyon M, Md-Zain BM, Munds R, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Roos C, Thach HM, Sterling EJ, Le MD (2023): Molecular phylogenetic relationships and unveiling novel genetic diversity among slow and pygmy lorises, and resurrection of Xanthonycticebus intermedius. Genes 14: 643. 

Carbone L, Okhovat M, Roos C (2023): Gibbon phylogenetics and genomics. In: Cheyne SM, Thomson C, Fan PF, Chatterjee H (eds.).Gibbon Conservation in the Anthropocene. Cambridge University Press, 286-301. 

Fotang C, Bröring U, Roos C, Dutton P, Tédonzong LRD, Willie J, Angwafo TE, Yuh YG, Schierarck P, Birkhofer K (2023): Mapping suitable habitat for Nigeria–Cameroon chimpanzees in Kom-Wum Forest Reserve, North-western Cameroon. Primates 64: 339-350. 

Fotang C, Dutton P, Bröring U, Roos C, Willie J, Angwafo TE, Chuo MD, Kamgang A, Enoguanbhor EC, Schierarck P, Birkhofer K (2023): Tool-use for army ant predation by Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzees in Kom-Wum Forest Reserve, North-Western Cameroon. Folia Primatol 94: 73-85. 

Gao H, Hamp T, Ede J, Schraiber JG, McRae J, Singer-Berk M, Yang Y, Dietrich ASD, Fiziev PP, Kuderna LFK, Sundaram L, Wu Y, Adhikari A, Field Y, Chen C, Batzoglou S, Aguet F, Lemire G, Reimers R, Balick D, Janiak MC, Kuhlwilm M, Orkin JD, Manu S, Valenzuela A, Bergman J, Rouselle M, Ennes Silva F, Agueda L, Blanc J, Gut M, de Vries D, Goodhead I, Harris RA, Raveendran M, Jensen A, Chuma IS, Horvath JE, Hvilsom C, Juan D, Frandsen P, de Melo FR, Bertuol F, Byrne H, Sampaio I, Farias I, Valsecchi do Amaral J, Messias M, da Silva MNF, Trivedi M, Rossi R, Hrbek T, Andriaholinirina N, Rabarivola CJ, Zaramody A, Jolly CJ, Phillips-Conroy J, Wilkerson G, Abee C, Simmons JH, Fernandez-Duque E, Kanthaswamy S, Shiferaw F, Wu D, Zhou L, Shao Y, Zhang G, Keyyu JD, Knauf S, Le MD, Lizano E, Merker S, Navarro A, Batallion T, Nadler T, Khor CC, Lee J, Tan P, Lim WK, Kitchener AC, Zinner D, Gut I, Melin A, Guschanski K, Schierup MH, Beck RMD, Umapathy G, Roos C, Boubli JP, Lek M, Sunyaev S, O’Donnell-Luria A, Rehm HL, Xu J, Rogers J, Marques-Bonet T, Farh KK-H (2023): The landscape of tolerated genetic variation in humans and primates. Science 380: eabn8197.

Kopp GH, Sithaldeen R, Trede F, Grathwol F, Roos C, Zinner D (2023): Molecular phylogeny of baboons: What do incongruences among nuclear and mitochondrial patterns tell us? Genes 14: 614. 

Kuang W, Zinner D, Li Y, Roos C, Yu L (2023): Recent advances in genetics and genomics of snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus) and their implications for phylogeny, conservation and adaptation. Genes 13:985. 

Kuderna LFK, Gao H, Janiak MC, Kuhlwilm M, Orkin JD, Bataillon T, Manu S, Valenzuela A, Bergman J, Rouselle M, Ennes Silva F, Agueda L, Blanc J, Gut M, de Vries D, Goodhead I, Harris RA, Raveendran M, Jensen A, Chuma IS, Horvath JE, Hvilsom C, Juan D, Frandsen P, Schraiber JG, de Melo FR, Bertuol F, Byrne H, Sampaio I, Farias I, Valsecchi J, Messias M, da Silva MNF, Trivedi M, Rossi R, Hrbek T, Andriaholinirina N, Rabarivola CJ, Zaramody A, Jolly CJ, Phillips-Conroy J, Wilkerson G, Abee C, Simmons JH, Fernandez-Duque E, Kanthaswamy S, Shiferaw F, Wu D, Zhou L, Shao Y, Zhang G, Keyyu JD, Knauf S, Le MD, Lizano E, Merker S, Navarro A, Nadler T, Khor CC, Lee J, Tan P, Lim WK, Kitchener AC, Zinner D, Gut I, Melin AD, Guschanski K, Schierup MH, Beck RMD, Umapathy G, Roos C, Boubli JP, Rogers J, Farh KK-H, Marques-Bonet T (2023): A global catalog of whole-genome diversity from 233 primate species. Science 380: 906-916. 

Rybalka N, Blanke M, Tzvetkova A, Noll A, Roos C, Boy J, Boy D, Nimptsch D, Godoy R, Friedl T (2023): Unrecognized diversity and distribution of soil algae from Maritime Antarctica (Fildes Peninsula, King George Island). Front Microbiol 14: 1118747. 

Shao Y, Zhou L, Li F, Zhao L, Zhang B-L, Shao F, Chen J-W, Chen C-Y, Bi X, Zhuang X-L, Zhu H-L, Hu J, Sun Z, Li X, Wang D, Rivas-González I, Wang S, Wang Y-M, Chen W, Li G, Lu H-M, Liu Y, Kuderna LFK, Farh KK-H, Fan P-F, Yu L, Li M, Liu Z-J, Tiley GP, YoderAD, Roos C, Hayakawa T, Marques-Bonet T, Rogers J, Stenson PD, Cooper DN, Li H, Schierup MH, Yao Y-G, Zhang Y-P, Wang W, Qi X-G, Zhang G, Wu D-D (2023): Phylogenomic analyses provide insights into primate genomic and phenotypic evolution. Science 380: 913-924.

Sørensen EF, Harris RA, Zhang L, Raveendran M, Kuderna LFK, Walker JA, Storer JM, Kuhlwilm M, Fontsere C, Seshadri L, Bergey CM, Burrell AS, Bergmann J, Phillips-Conroy JE, Shiferaw F, Chiou KL, Chuma IS, Keyyu JD, Fischer J, Gingras M-C, Salvi S, Doddapaneni H, Schierup MH, Batzer MA, Jolly CJ, Knauf S, Zinner D, Farh KK-H, Marques-Bonet T, Munch K, Roos C, Rogers J (2023): Genome-wide coancestry reveals details of ancient and recent male-driven reticulation in baboons. Science 380: eabn8153. 

Storer JM, Walker JA, Baker JN, Hossain S, Roos C, Wheeler TJ, Batzer MA (2023): Framework of Alu subfamily evolution in the platyrrhine three-family clade of Cebidae, Callithrichindae, and Aotidae. Genes 14: 249.

Wu H, Wang Z, Zhang Y, Frantz L, Roos C, Irwin DM, Zhang C, Liu X, Wu D, Huang S, Gu T, Liu J, Yu L (2023): Hybrid origin of a primate, the gray snub-nosed monkey. Science 380: eabl4997.

Wu R, Qi J, Li W, Li W, Wang L, Shen Y, Liu J, Teng Y, Roos C, Li M (2023): Landscape genomics analysis provides insights into future climate change-driven risk in rhesus macaque. Sci Total Environ 899: 165746. 

Zhang BL, Chen W, Wang Z, Pang W, Luo MT, Wang S, Shao Y, He W-Q, Deng Y, Zhou L, Chen J, Yang M-M, Wu Y, Wang L, Fernandez-Bellon H, Molloy S, Meunier H, Wanert F, Kuderna L, Marques-Bonet T, Roos C, Qi X-G, Li M, Liu Z, Schierup MH, Cooper DN, Liu J, Zheng YT, Zhang G, Wu DD (2023): Comparative genomics reveals the hybrid origin of a macaque group. Sci Adv 9: eadd3580.

Zinner D, Paciencia FMD, Roos C (2023): Host-parasite coevolution in primates. Life 13: 823. 



Farré M, Johnstone C, Hopper J, Kitchener AC, Roos C, King T (2022): Novel mtDNA haplotypes represented in the European captive population of the Endangered François’ langur (Trachypithecus francoisi). Int J Primatol 43: 533-537.

Heymann EW, Dolotovskaya S, Roos C (2022): Wahre Treue bei Kupferroten Springaffen? Biologie Zeit 2/2022 (52): 156-161.

Malukiewicz J, Cartwright RA, Dergam JA, Igayara CS, Kessler S, Moreira SB, Nash LT, Nicola PA, Pereira LCM, Pissinati A, Ruiz-Miranda CR, Ozga AT, Quirino AA, Roos C, Silva DL, Stone AC, Grativol AD (2022): The gut microbiome of exudivorous marmosets in the wild and captivity. Sci Rep 12: 5049.

Matauschek C, Meyer D, Lwin N, Ko Lin A, Lin A, Momberg F, Roos C (2022): Trachypithecus popa. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020, e.T196344474A196344962.

Petersen RM, Bergey CM, Roos C, Highman JP (2022): Relationship between genome-wide and MHC class I and II genetic diversity and complementarity. Ecol Evol 12: e9346.

Roos C (2022): Taxonomic classification of colobine monkeys. In: Matsuda I, Grueter CC, Teichroeb JA (eds.), The colobines: natural history, behaviour and ecological diversity. Cambridge University Press, 3-12.

Roos C, Zinner D (2022): Molecular phylogeny and phylogeography of colobines. In: Matsuda I, Grueter CC, Teichroeb JA (eds.), The colobines: natural history, behaviour and ecological diversity. Cambridge University Press, 32-43.

Roos C, Portela Miguez R, Zinner D, Nadler T, Thinh VN (2022): Importance of genetic data from type specimens: The questionable type locality of southern white-cheeked gibbon, Nomascus siki (Delacour, 1951). Zool Res 43: 666-670.

Silva FE, Valsecchio do Amaral J, Roos C, Bowler M, Rohe F, Sampaio R, Bertol F, Santana MI, de Souza Silva Jr. J, Rylands A, Hrbek T, Boubli JP (2022): Molecular phylogeny and systematics of bald uakaris genus Cacajao (Lesson, 1840) (Primates: Pithecidae) with the description of a new species. Mol Phylogenet Evol 173: 107509.

Storer JM, Walker JA, Rewerts LC, Brown MA, Beckstrom TO, Herke SW, Roos C, Batzer MA (2022): Owl monkey Alu insertion polymorphisms and Aotus phylogenetics. Genes 13: 2069.

Storer JM, Walker JA, Rockwell CE, Mores G, Beckstrom TO, Orkin JD, Melin AD, Phillips KA, Roos C, Batzer MA (2022): Recently integrated Alu elements in capuchin monkeys: a resource for Cebus / Sapajus genomics. Genes 13: 572.

Tamrat M, Atickem A, Flagstad Ø, Fischer M, Roos C, Evangelista P, Bekele A, Stenseth NC, Zinner D (2022): Swayne’s hartebeest in Ethiopia: population estimate, genetic variability and competition with livestock. Oryx 56: 336-344.

Thonicke K, Rahner E, Arneth A, Bartkowski B, Bonn A, Döhler C, Finger R, Freitag J, Grosch R, Grossart H-P, Grützmacher K, Hartman Scholz A, Häuser C, Hickler T, Hölker F, Jähnig SC, Jeschke J, Kasen R, Kastner T, Kramer-Schadt S, Krug C, Lakner S, Loft L, Matzdorf B, Meakins F, De Meester L, Monaghan MT, Müller D, Overmann J, Quaas M, Radchuk V, Reyer C, Roos C, Scholz I, Schroer S, Sioen GB, Sommer S, Sommerwerk N, Tockner K, Turk Z, Warner B, Wätzold F, Wende W, Veenstra T, van der Voort H (2022): 10 Must-Knows aus der Biodiversitätsforschung 2022. Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.

Wu D-D, Qi X-G, Yu L, Li M, Liu Z-J, Yoder AD, Roos C, Hayakawa T, Rogers J, Marques-Bonet T, Su B, Yao Y-G, Zhang Y-P, Zhang G (2022): Initiation of the Primate Genome Project. Zool Res 43: 147-149.

Zinner D, Knauf S, Chuma IS, Butynski TM, de Jong YA, Kaitila R, Keyyu JD, Roos C (2022): Mito-phylogenetic relationship of the new subspecies of gentle monkey Cercopithecus mitis manyarensis, Butynski & De Jong, 2020. Primate Biol 9: 11-18.



Ayoola AO, Zhang BL, Meisel RP, Nneji LM, Shao Y, Morenikeji OB, Adeola AC, Ng’ang’a SI, Ogunjemite BG, Okeyoyin AO, Roos C, Wu DD (2021): Population genomics reveals incipient speciation, introgression, and adaptation in the African Mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona). Mol Biol Evol 38: 876-890.

Boubli JP, Janiak MC, Porter LM, de la Torre S, Cortés-Ortiz L, da Silva MNF, Rylands AB, Nash S, Bertuol F, Byrne H, Silva FE, Rohe F, de Vries D, Beck RMD, Ruiz-Gartzia I, Kuderna LFK, Marques-Bonet T, Hrbek T, Farias IP, van Heteren AH, Roos C (2021): Ancient DNA of the pygmy marmoset type specimen Cebuella pygmaea (Spix, 1823) resolves a taxonomic conundrum. Zool Res 42(6): 761-771.

Fotang C, Bröring U, Roos C, Enoguanbhor EC, Abwe EE, Dutton P, Schierack P, Angwafo TE, Birkhofer K (2021): Human activity and forest fragmengtation threaten populations of the Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti) in Western Cameroon. Int J Primatol 42: 105-129.

Fotang C, Bröring U, Roos C, Enoguanbhor EC, Tédonzong LRD, Dutton P, Willie J, Yuh YG, Birkhofer K (2021): Environmental and anthropogenic effects on the nesting patterns of Nigeria–Cameroon chimpanzees in Northwest Cameroon. Am J Primatol 83: e23312.

Liu Z, Qian X, Hong M, Qiao H, Zhang J, Yang Z, Zhang L, Wang Z, Fan K, Zhang X, Chen M, Sha W, Roos C, Li M (2021): Global view on virus infection in non-human primates and implications for public health and wildlife conservation. Zool Res 42: 626-632.

Malukiewicz J, Cartwright RA, Curi NHA, Dergam JA, Igayara CS, Moreira SB, Molina CV, Nicola PA, Noll A, Passamani M, Pereira LCM, Pissinati A, Ruiz-Miranda CR, Silva DL, Stone AC, Zinner D, Roos C (2021): Mitogenome phylogeny of Callithrix with special focus on human transferred taxa. BMC Genomics 22: 239.

Malukiewicz J, Cartwright RA, Dergam JA, Igayara CS, Nicola PA, Pereira LCM, Ruiz-Miranda CR, Stone AC, Silva DL, de Fátima Rodrigues da Silva F, Varsani A, Walter L, Wilson MA, Zinner D, Roos C (2021): Genomic skimming and Nanopore sequencing uncover cryptic hybridization in one of world’s most threatened primates. 11: 17279.

Matauschek C, Roos C (2021): Gerade erst beschrieben, aber leider schon fast wieder verschwunden. Der Popa-Langur (Trachypithecus popa) in Zentral-Myanmar. GfBS Newsletter 39: 60-61.

Melin AD, Orkin JD, Janiak MC, Valenzuela A, Kuderna L, Marrone III F, Ramangason H, Horvath JE, Roos C, Kitchener AC, Khor CC, Lim WK, Lee JGH, Tan P, Umapathy G, Raveendran M, Harris RA, Gut I, Gut M, Lizano E, Nadler T, Zinner D, Le MD, Manu S, Rabarivola CJ, Zaramody A, Andriaholinirina N, Johnsin SE, Jarvis ED, Fredigo O, Wu D, Zhang G, Farh KK-H, Rogers J, Marques-Bonet T, Navarro A, Juan D, Arora PS, Higham JP (2021): Variation in predicted COVID-19 risk among lemurs and lorises. Am J Primatol 83: e23255.

Msindai JN, Roos C, Schürmann F, Sommer V (2021): Population history of chimpanzees introduced to Lake Victoria’s Rubondo Island. Primates 62: 253-265.

Roos C, Knauf S, Chuma IS, Maille A, Callou C, Sabin R, Portela Miguez R, Zinner D (2021): New mitochondrial lineages in Papiobaboons and their phylogeographic implications. Am J Phys Anthropol 174: 407-417.

Roos C, Miguez RP, Sabin R, Louis EE Jr, Hofreiter M, Zinner D (2021): Mitogenomes of historical type specimens unravel the taxonomy of sportive lemurs (Lepilemur spp.) in Northwest Madagascar. Zool Res 42: 428-432.

Trede F, Kil N, Stranks J, Connell AJ, Fischer J, Ostner J, Schülke O, Zinner D, Roos C (2021): A refined panel of 42 microsatellite loci to universally genotype catarrhine primates. Ecol Evol 11: 498-505.

Yang H, Yang S, Fan F, Li Y, Dai S, Zhou X, Steiner CC, Coppedge B, Roos C, Cai X, Irwin DM, Shi P (2021): A New World monkey resembles human in bitter taste receptor evolution and function via a single parallel amino acid substitution. Mol Biol Evol 38: 5472-5479.

Zhang M, Cao P, Dai Q, Wang Y, Feng X, Wanh H, Wu H, Ko AM, Mao X, Liu Y, Yu L, Roos C, Nadler T, Xiao W, Bennett EA, Fu Q (2021): Comparative analysis of DNA extraction protocols for ancient soft tissue museum samples. Zool Res 42: 280-286.



Aifat NR, Abdul-Latiff MAB, Roos C, Md-Zain BM (2020): Taxonomc revision and evolutionary phylogeography of dusky leaf monkey (Trachypithecus obscurus) in Peninsular Malaysia. Zool Stud 59: 64. 

De Moor D, Roos C, Ostner J, Schülke O (2020): Female Assamese macaques bias their affiliation to paternal and maternal kin. Behav Ecol 31: 493-507.

De Moor D, Roos C, Ostner J*, Schülke O* (2020): Bonds of bros and brothers: kinship and social bonding in post-dispersal male macaques. Mol Ecol 29: 3346-3360. *contributed equally.

Dolotovskaya S, Roos C*, Heymann EW* (2020): Genetic monogamy and mate choice in a pair-living primate. Sci Rep 10: 20328. *contributed equally.

Geissmann T, Nijman V, Boonratana R, Brockelman W, Roos C, Nowak MG (2020): Hylobates agilis. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020, e.T10543A17967655. 

Gogarten JF, Calvignac-Spencer S, Nunn CL, Ulrich M, Saiepour N, Nielsen HV, Deschner T, Fichtel C, Kappeler PM, Knauf S, Müller-Klein N, Ostner J, Robbins M, Sanmaneedet S, Schülke O, Surbeck M, Wittig R, Sliwa A, Strube C, Leendertz FH*, Roos C*, Noll A* (2020): Metabarcoding of eukaryotic parasite communities describes diverse parasite assemblages spanning the primate phylogeny. Mol Ecol Resour 20: 204-215. *contributed equally.

Hu J, Roos C, Lv X, Kuang W, Yu L (2020): Molecular genetics supports a potential fifth Asian pangolin species (Mammalia, Pholidota, Manis). Zool Sci 37: 538-543.

Junker J, Petrovan SO, Arroyo-Rodríguez V, Boonratana R, Byler D, Chapman CA, Chetry D, Cheyne SM, Cornejo FM, Cortés-Ortiz L, Cowlishaw G, Crockford C, de la Torre S, de Melo FR, Grüter C, Guzmán-Caro DC, Heymann EW, Herbinger I, Hoang MD, Horwich RH, Humle T, Ikemeh RA, Imong IS, Jerusalinsky L, Johnson SE, Kappeler PM, Kierulff MCM, Koné I, Kormos R, Le KQ, Li BG, Marshall AJ, Meijaard E, Mittermeier RA, Muroyama Y, Neugebauer E, Orth L, Palacios E, Papworth SK, Plumptre AJ, Rawson BM, Refisch J, Ratsimbazafy J, Roos C, Setchell J, Smith RK, Sop T, Schwitzer C, Slater K, Strum SC, Sutherland WJ, Talebi M, Wallis J, Wich S, Williamson EA, Wittig RM, Kühl HS (2020): Severe lack of evidence limits effective conservation of the world’s primates. BioScience 70: 794-803. 

Liu Z, Zhang L, Yan Z, Ren Z, Han F, Tan X, Xiang Z, Yang Z, Dong F, Yang Z, Liu G, Wang Z, Zhang J, Que T, Tang C, Li Y, Wang S, Wu J, Li L, Huang C, Roos C*, Li M* (2020): Genomic mechanisms of physiological and morphological adaptations of limestone langurs to karst habitats. Mol Biol Evol 37: 952-968. *contributed equally.

Louis EE, Bailey CA, Raharivololona B, Schwitzer C, Wilmet L, Roos C (2020): Lepilemur tymerlachsoni. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020, e.T136709A115585199. 

Lubinza CKC, Lüert S,Hallmaier-Wacker LK, Ngadaya E, Chuma IS, Kazwala RR, Mfinanga SGM, Failing K, Roos C, Knauf S (2020): Serosurvey of Treponema pallidum infection among children with skin ulcers in the Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem, northern Tanzania. BMC Infect Dis 20: 392. 

Nguyen MH, Coudrat CNZ, Roos C, Rawson BM, Duckworth JW (2020): Nomascus siki. In:The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020, e.T39896A17968765.

Nijman V, Geissmann T, Traeholt C, Roos C, Nowak MG (2020): Symphalangus syndactylus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020, e.T39779A17967873.

Pengfei F, Nguyen MH, Phiaphalath P, Roos C, Coudrat CNZ, Rawson BM (2020): Nomascus concolor. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020, e.T39775A17968556.

Pozzi L, Roos C, Blair ME (2020): Molecular advances in lorisid taxonomy and phylogeny. In: Nekaris KAI, Burrows AM (eds.), Behaviour, ecology and evolutionary biology of lorises and pottos. Springer, 57-66.

Rawson BM, Hoang MD, Roos C, Van NT, Nguyen MH (2020): Nomascus gabriellae. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020, e.T128073282A17968950.

Rawson BM, Nguyen MH, Coudrat CNZ, Roos C, Jiang X, Duckworth JW (2020): Nomascus leucogenys. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020, e.T39895A17969139.

Rawson BM, Roos C, Nguyen MH, Bleisch W, Geissmann T, Fan PF (2020): Nomascus nasutus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020, e.T41642A17969578.

Roos C (2020): Trachypithecus popa – a new primate species from central Myanmar. Vietn J Primatol 3(2): 99-100. 

Roos C, Helgen KH, Portela Miguez R, Thant NML, Lwin N, Lin AK, Lin A, Yi KM, Soe P, Hein ZM, Myint MMN, Ahmed T, Chetry D, Urh M, Veatch EG, Duncan N, Kamminga P, Chua MAH, Yao L, Matauschek C, Meyer D, Liu Z, Li M, Nadler T, Fan P, Quyet LK, Hofreiter M, Zinner D, Momberg F (2020): Mitogenomic phylogeny of the Asian colobine genus Trachypithecus with special focus on Trachypithecus phayrei (Blyth, 1847) and description of a new species. Zool Res 41: 656-669. 

Thinh VN, Roos C, Rawson BM, Nguyen MH, Duckworth JW, Hoang MD, Nijman V, Thien NV (2020): Nomascus annamensis. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020, e.T120659170A120659179.

Trede F, Lemkul A, Atickem A, Beehner JC, Bergman TJ, Burke R, Fashing PJ, Knauf S, Mekonnen A, Moges A, Nguyen N, Roos C*, Zinner D* (2020): Geographic distribution of microsatellite alleles in geladas (Primates, Cercopithecidae): evidence for three evolutionary units. Zool Scr 49: 659-667. *contributed equally.



Ackermann RR, Arnold ML, Cahill J, Cortes-Ortiz L, Evans B, Grant P, Grant R, Hallgrimsson B, Humphreys R, Jolly CJ, Malukiewicz J, Percival CJ, Ritzman T, Roos C, Roseman CC, Schroeder L, Smith F, Warren K, Wayne R, Zinner D (2019): Hybridization in human evolution: insights from other organisms. Evol Anthropol 28: 189-209. 

Chala D, Roos C, Svenning J-C, Zinner D (2019): Species-specific effects of climate change on the distribution of suitable baboon habitats – ecological niche modeling of current and Last Glacial Maximum conditions. J Hum Evol 132: 215-226.

Chuma IS*, Roos C*, Atickem A, Bohm T, Collins DA, Grillová L, Hallmaier-Wacker LK, Kazwala RR, Keyyu JD, Lüert S, Maloueki U, Oppelt J, Petrželková KJ, Piel A, Stewart FA, Šmajs D, Knauf S (2019): Evidence for rare interspecies transmission of the yaws bacterium Treponema pallidum subsp. pertenue in African primates. Sci Rep 9: 14243. *contributed equally.

Cortés-Ortiz L, Roos C, Zinner D (2019): Introduction to special issue on primate hybridization and hybrid zones. Int J Primatol 40: 1-8.

Fischer J, Higham JP, Alberts SC, Barrett L, Beehner JC, Bergman TJ, Carter A, Cheney DL, Collins DA, Dunbar R, Elton S, Fagot J, Ferreira da Silva M, Hammerschmidt K, Henzi P, Jolly C, Knauf S, Kopp GH, Rogers J, Roos C, Seyfarth RM, Silk J, Snyder-Mackler N, Städele V, Swedell L, Wilson M, Zinner D (2019): Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies. eLife 8: e50989. 

Hallmaier-Wacker L, Lüert S, Roos C, Knauf S (2019):Lactation and menstruation shift the vaginal microbiota in captive rhesus monkeys to be more similar to that of the male urethral microbiota. Sci Rep 9: 17399.

Kuang W-M, Ming C, Li H-P, Wu H, Wang G-D, Zhang Y-P, Roos C, Frantz L, Zhang C-L, Yang J-Y, Yu L (2019): The origin and population history of the endangered golden snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana). Mol Biol Evol 36: 487-499. 

Rogers J, Raveendran M, Harris RA, Mailund T, Leppälä K, Athanasiadis G, Schierup MH, Cheng J, Munch K, Walker JA, Konkel MK, Jordan VE, Steely CJ, Beckstrom TO, Bergey C, Burrell A, Schrempf D, Noll A, Kothe M, Kopp GH, Murali S, Billis K, Martin FJ, Muffato M, Cox LA, Else J, Disotell T, Muzny DM, Phillips-Conroy J, Aken B, Eichler EE, Hahn MW, Marques-Bonet T, Kosiol C, Batzer MA, TungJ, Zinner D, Roos C, Jolly CJ, Gibbs RA, Worley KC, Baboon Genome Analysis Consortium (2019): The comparative genomics and complex population history of Papio baboons. Sci Adv 5: eaau6947. 

Roos C, Kothe M, Delson E, Alba DM, Zinner D (2019): The radiation of macaques out of Africa: evidence from mitogenome divergence times and the fossil record. J Hum Evol 133: 114-132.

Roos C, Liedigk R, Thinh VN, Nadler T, Zinner D (2019): The hybrid origin of the Indochinese gray langur Trachypithecus crepusculus. Int J Primatol 40: 9-27.

Walker JA, Jordan VE, Storer JM, Steely CJ, Gonzalez-Quiroga P, Beckstrom TO, Rewerts LC, St Romain CP, Rockwell CE, Rogers J, Jolly CJ, Konkel MK, Baboon Genome Analysis Consortium, Batzer MA (2019): Alu insertion polymorphisms shared by Papio baboons and Theropithecusgelada reveal an intertwined common ancestry. Mob DNA 10: 46. 

Wang X, Lim BK, Ting N, Liang Y, Roos C*, Yu L* (2019): Reconstructing the phylogeny of New World monkeys (Platyrrhini): evidence form multiple non-coding loci. Curr Zool 65: 579-588. *contributed equally.

Zinner D, Tesfaye D, Stenseth NC, Bekele A, Mekonnen A, Doeschner S, Atickem A, Roos C (2019): Is Colobus guereza gallarum a valid endemic Ethiopian taxon? Primate Biol 6: 7-16.



Atickem A, Stenseth NC, Drouilly M, Bock S, Roos C, Zinner D (2018): Deep divergence among mitochondrial lineages in African jackals. Zool Script 47: 1-8.

Bleyer M, Risch T, Roos C, Kaup F-J, Mätz-Rensing K (2018): Taenia crassiceps cysticercosis in a Nilgiri langur (Semnopithecus johnii). J Zoo Wildl Med 49: 501-504. 

Chuma IS, Batamuzi EK, Collins DA, Fyumagwa RD, Hallmaier-Wacker LK, Kazwala RR, Keyyu JD, Lejora IA, Lipende IF, Lüert S, Paciência FMD, Piel A, Stewart FA, Zinner D, Roos C, Knauf S (2018): Widespread Treponema pallidum infection in nonhuman primates, Tanzania. Emerg Infect Dis 24: 1002-1009.

Ensser A, Großkopf AK, Mätz-Rensing K, Roos C, Hahn A (2018): Isolationand complete genomic sequence of a novel rhesus macaque foamy virus isolate with a serotype 1-like env. Arch Virol 163: 2507-2512.

Estrada A, Garber PA, Mittermeier RA, Wich S, Gouveia S, Dobrovolski R, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Rylands AB, Maisels F, Williamson EA, Bicca-Marques J, Fuentes A, Jerusalinsky L, Johnson S, Rodrigues de Melo F, Oliveira L, Schwitzer C, Roos C, Cheyne S, Kierulff C, Raharivololona B, Talebi M, Ratsimbazafy J, Supriatna J, Boonratana R, Wedana M, Setiawan A (2018): Primates in peril: the significance of Brazil, Madagascar, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo for global primate conservation. PeerJ 6: e4869.

Gutleb DR, Ostner J, Schülke O, Wajjwalku W, Sukmak M, Roos C, Noll A (2018): Non-invasive genotyping with a massively parallel sequencing panel for the detection of SNPs in HPA-axis genes. Sci Rep 8: 15944.

Gutleb DR, Roos C, Noll A, Ostner J, Schülke O (2018): COMTVal158Met moderates the link between rank and aggression in a non-human primate. Genes Brain Behav 17: e12443.

Hallmaier-Wacker LK, Lüert S, Roos C, Knauf S (2018): The impact of storage buffer, DNA extraction, and amplification on microbial analysis. Sci Rep 8: 6292.

Knauf S*, Gogarten JF*, Schuenemann VJ*, de Nys HM, Düx A, Strouhal M, Mikalová L, Bos KI, Armstrong R, Batamuzi EK, Chuma IS, Davoust B, Diatta G, Fyumagwa RD, Kazwala RR, Keyyu JD, Lejora IAV, Levasseur A, Liu H, Mayhew MA, Medianniko O, Raoult D, Wittig RM, Roos C, Leendertz FH, ŠmajsD*, Nieselt K*, Krause J*, Calvignac-Spencer S* (2018): African nonhuman primates are infected with the yaws bacterium Treponema pallidum subsp. pertenue. Emerg Microbes Infect 7: 157. *contributed equally.

Liu Z*, Tan X*, Orozco-terWengel P*, Zhou X, Zhang L, Tian S, Liu G, Yan Z, Xu H, Wang B, Ren B, Zhang P, Xiang Z, Sun B, Roos C, Bruford M*, Li M* (2018): Population genomics of wild Chinese rhesus macaques reveals a dynamic demographic history and local adaptation, with implications for biomedical research. Gigascience 7: giy106. *contributed equally.

Mekonnen A, Rueness EK, Stenseth NC, Fashing PJ, Bekele A, Hernandez-Aguilar RA, Missbach R, Haus T, Zinner D*, Roos C* (2018): Population genetic structure and evolutionary history of Bale monkeys (Chlorocebus djamdjamensis) in the southern Ethiopian Highlands. BMC Evol Biol 18: 106. *contributed equally.

Roos C (2018): Complete mitochondrial genome of a Toque macaque (Macaca sinica). Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 3: 182-183.

Roos C, Chuma IS, Collins DA, Knauf S, Zinner D (2018): Complete mitochondrial genome of an olive baboon (Papio anubis) from Gombe National Park, Tanzania. Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 3: 177-178.

Zinner D, Atickem A, Beehner JC, Bekele A, Bergman TJ, Burke R, Dolotovskaya S, Fashing PJ, Gippoliti S, Knauf S, Knauf Y, Mekonnen A, Moges A, Nguyen N, Stenseth NC, Roos C (2018): Phylogeography, mitochondrial DNA diversity, and demographic history of geladas (Theropithecus gelada). PLoS ONE 13: e0202303.

Zinner D, Chuma IS, Knauf S, Roos C (2018): Inverted intergeneric introgression between critically endangered kipunjis (Rungwecebus kipunji) and yellow baboons (Papio cynocephalus) in two disjunct populations. Biol Lett 14: 20170729. 



Andriaholinirina N*, Fausser J-L*, Roos C*, Zinner D*, Thalmann U*, Rabarivola C, Ravoarimanana I, Ganzhorn JU, Meier B, Hilgartner R, Walter L, Zaramody A, Langer C, Hahn T, Zimmermann E, Radespiel U, Craul M, Tomiuk J, Tattersall I, Rumpler Y (2017): Corrective paper concerning three new species of the genus Lepilemur I. Geoffroy, 1851 (Mammalia). Dumerilia 7: 62-71. *contributed equally.

Dolotovskaya S, Torroba Badollo J, Haus T, Noll A, Hofreiter M, Zinner D, Roos C (2017): Comparing mitogenomic timetrees of two African savannah primate genera (Chlorocebus and Papio). Zool J Linn Soc 181: 471-483.

Estrada A, Garber P, Rylands AB, Roos C, Fernandez-Duque E, Di Fiore A, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Heymann E, Lambert JE, Rovero F, Barelli C, Setchell JM, Gillespie TR, Mittermeier RA, Arregoitia LV, de Guinea M, Gouveia S, Dobrovolski R, Shanee S, Shanee N, Boyle SA, Fuentes A, McKinnon K, Amato KR, Meyer ALS, Wich S, Sussman RW, Pan R, Kone I, Li B (2017): Impending extinction crisis of the world's primates: why primates matter. Sci Adv 3: e1600946. 

Fan P-F, He K, Chen X, Ortiz A, Zhang B, Zhao C, Li Y-Q, Zhang H-B, Kimock C, Wang W-Z, Groves C, Turrvey ST, Roos C, Helgen KM, Jiang X-L (2017): Description of a new Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) based on integrative taxonomy. Am J Primatol 79: e22631.

Groves CP, Cotterill FPD, Gippoliti S, Robovsky J, Roos C, Taylor P, Zinner D (2017): Species definitions and conservation: a review and case studies. Conserv Genet 18: 1247-1256.

Meyer D, Momberg F, Matauschek C, Oswald P, Lwin N, Aung SS, Yang Y, Xiao W, Long Y-C, Grueter CC, Roos C (2017): Conservation status of the Myanmar or black snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus strykeri. Fauna & Flora International, Institute for Eastern-Himalaya Biodiversity Research, German Primate Center.

Mohd Salleh F, Ramos-Madrigal J, Peñaloza F, Liu S, Sinding MHS, Patel RP, Martins R, Lenz D, Fickel J, Roos C, Shamsir MS, Azman MS, Lim BK, Rossiter SJ, Wilting A, Gilbert TMP (2017): An expanded mammal mitogenome dataset from Southeast Asia. Gigascience 6: gix053.

Nadler T, Roos C (2017): Impeding extinction crisis of the world’s primates – implications for Vietnam. Vietn J Primatol 2(5): 25-35.

Nater A*, Mattle-Greminger MP*, Nurcahyo A*, Nowak MG, de Manuel M, Desai T, Groves C, Pybus M, Bilgin Sonay T, Roos C, Lameira AR, Wich SA, Askew J, Davila-Ross M, Fredriksson G, de Valles G, Casals F, Prado-Martinez J, Goossens B, Verschoor EJ, Warren KS, Singleton I, Marques DA, Pamungkas J, Perwitasari-Farajallah D, Rianti P, Tuuga A, Gut IG, Gut M, Orozco-terWengel P, van Schaik CP, Bertranpetit J, Anisimova M, Scally A, Marques-Bonet T, Meijaard E*, Krützen M* (2017): Morphometric, behavioural, and genomic evidence for a new orangutan species. Curr Biol 27: 3487-3498. *contributed equally.

Roos C, Zinner D (2017): Primate conservation genetics. In: Fuentes A (ed.), The international encyclopedia of primatology. Wiley-Blackwell, wbprim0079. (DPZ 4/4)

Roos C, Zinner D (2017): Primate phylogeny.In: Fuentes A (ed.), The international encyclopedia of primatology. Wiley-Blackwell, wbprim0394.

Thien NV, Anh NQH, Thinh VN, Khoi LV, Roos C (2017): Distribution of the northern yellow-cheeked crested gibbon (Nomascus annamensis) in central Vietnam. Vietn J Primatol 2(5): 83-88.

Zinner D, Keller C, Nyahongo JW, Butynski TM, de Jong YA, Pozzi L, Knauf S,Liedigk R, Roos (2015, publ. 2017): Distribution of mitochondrial clades and morphotypes of baboons Papio spp. (Primates: Cercopithecidae) in eastern Africa. J East Af Nat Hist Soc Natl Mus 104: 143-168.



Byrareddy SN, Arthos J, Cicala C, Villinger F, Ortiz KT, Little D, Sidell N, Kane MA, Yu J, Jones JW, Santangelo PJ, Zurla C, McKinnon LR, Arnold KB, Woody CE, Walter L, Roos C, Noll A, Van Ryk D, Jelicic K, Cimbro R, Gumber S, Reid MD, Adsay V, Amancha PK, Mayne AE, Parslow TG, Fauci AS, Ansari AA (2016): Sustained virologic control in SIV+ macaques after antriretoviral and α4β7 antibody therapy. Science 354: 197-202. 

Corso J, Bowler M, Heymann EW, Roos C, Mundy NI (2016): Highly polymorphic colour vision in a New World monkey with red facial skin, the bald uakari (Cacajao calvus). Proc Biol Sci 283: 20160067. 

Kalbitzer U, Roos C, Kopp GH, Butynski TM, Knauf S, Zinner D, Fischer J (2016): Insights into the genetic foundation of aggression in Papio and the evolution of two length-polymorphisms in the promoter regions of serotonin-related genes (5-HTTLPR and MAOALPR) in Papionini. BMC Evol Biol 16: 121. 

Knauf S, Raphael J, Mitjà O, Lejora IAV, Chuma IS, Batamuzi EK, Keyyu JD, Fyumagwa R, Lüert S, Godornes C, Liu H, Schwarz C, Smajs D, Grange P, Zinner D, Roos C*, Lukehart SA* (2016): Isolation of Treponema DNA from necrophagous flies in a natural ecosystem. EBioMedicine 11: 85-90. *shared authorship

Raupach MJ, Amann R, Wheeler Q, Roos C (2016): The application of “omics”-technologies in the classification and identification of animals. Org Divers Evol 16: 1-12.

Roos C (2016): Phylogeny and classification of gibbons (Hylobatidae). In: Barelli C, Hirai H, Reichard UH (eds.), Evolution of gibbons and siamang: phylogeny, morphology, and cognition. Springer, 151-164.

Roos C (2016): Selangor silvery langur Trachypitheus selangorensis Roos, Nadler, and Walter 2008. In: Rowe N, Myers M (eds.), All the World’s Primates. Pogonias, 614-615. 

Ruiz-Lopez MJ, Barelli C, Rovero F, Hodges K, Roos C, Peterman WE, Ting N (2016): A novel landscape genetics approach demonstrates the effects of human disturbance on the Udzungwa red colobus monkey (Procolobus gordonorum). Heredity 116: 167-176.

Rylands AB, Heymann EW, Lynch Alfaro J, Buckner J, Roos C, Matauschek C, Boubli JP, Sampaio R, Mittermeier RA (2016): Taxonomic review of the New World tamarins (Primates: Callithrichidae). Zool J Linn Soc 177: 1003-1028.

Schmitz J, Noll A, Raabe CA, Churakov G, Voss R, Kiefmann M, Rozhdestwensky T, Brosius J, Baertsch R, Clawson H, Roos C, Zimin A, Minx P, Montague MJ, Wilson RK, Warren WC (2016): Genome sequence of the basal haplorrhine primate Tarsius syrichta reveals unusual insertions. Nat Commun 7: 12997.

Zinner D, Roos C (2016): Primate taxonomy and conservation. In: Waller MT (ed.), Ethnoprimatology: primate conservation in the 21st century. Springer, 193-213.



Di Fiore A, Chaves PB, Cornejo FM, Schmitt CA, Shanee S, Cortes-Ortiz L, Fagundes V, Roos C, Pacheco V (2015): The rise and fall of a genus: complete mtDNA genomes shed light on the phylogenetic position of yellow-tailed woolly monkeys, Lagothrix flavicauda, and on the evolutionary history of the family Atelidae (Primates: Platyrrhini). Mol Phylogenet Evol 82B: 495-510.

Kopp GH, Fischer J, Patzelt A, Roos C, Zinner D (2015): Population genetic insights into the social organization of Guinea baboons (Papio papio): evidence for female-biased dispersal. Am J Primatol 77: 878-889.

Kraus RHS, vonHoldt B, Cocchiararo B, Harms V, Bayerl H, Kühn R, Förster DW, Fickel J, Roos C, Nowak C (2015): A SNP-based approach for rapid and cost-effective genetic wolf monitoring in Europe based on non-invasively collected samples. Mol Ecol Resour 15: 295-305.

Liedigk R, Kolleck J, Böker KO, Meeijard E, Md-Zain BM, Abdul-Latiff MAB, Ampeng A, Lakim M, Abdul-Patah P, Tosi AJ, Brameier M, Zinner D, Roos C (2015): Mitogenomic phylogeny of the common long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis fascicularis). BMC Genomics 16: 222.

Liu Z, Liu G, Roos C, Wang Z, Xiang ZF, Zhu P, Wang B, Ren B, Shi F, Pan H, Li M (2015): Implications of genetics and current protected areas for conservation of 5 endangered primates in China. Conserv Biol 29: 1508-1517. 

Nguyen N, Fashing PJ, Boyd DA, Barry TS, Burke RJ, Goodale CB, Jones SCZ, Kerby JT, Kellogg BS, Lee LM, Miller CM, Nurmi NO, Ramsay MS, Reynolds JD, Stewart KM, Turner TJ, Venkataraman VV, Knauf Y, Roos C, Knauf S (2015): Fitness impacts of tapeworm parasitism on wild gelada monkeys at Guassa, Ethiopia. Am J Primatol 77: 579-594.

Paciulli LM, Supriatna J, Roos C (2015): Pig-tailed snub-nose langur Simias concolor Miller, 1903. In: Schwitzer C, Mittermeier RA, Rylands AB, Chiozza F, Williamson EA, Wallis J, Cotton A (eds.), Primates in peril: the world's 25 most endangered primates 2014-2016. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, International Primatological Society, Conservation International, Bristol Zoological Society, 50-52. 

Pozzi L, Nekaris KAI, Perkin A, Bearder SK, Pimley ER, Schulze H, Streicher U, Nadler T, Kitchener A, Zischler H, Zinner D, Roos C (2015): Remarkable ancient divergences amongst neglected lorisiform primates. Zool J Linn Soc 175:661-674.

Roos C, Zinner D (2015): Diversity and evolutionary history of macaques which special focus on rhesus and long-tailed macaques. In: Blümel J, Korte S, Schenck E, Weinbauer GF (eds.), The nonhuman primate in nonclinical drug development and safety assessment. Elsevier, 3-16.

Wang B, Zhou X, Shi F, Liu Z, Roos C, Garber PA, Li M, Pan H (2015): Full-length numt analysis provides evidence for hybridization between the Asian colobine genera Trachypithecus and Semnopithecus. Am J Primatol 77: 901-910.



Abdul-Latiff MAB, Ruslin F, Fui VV, Abu MH, Rovie-Ryan JJ, Abdul-Patah P, Lakim M, Roos C, Yaakop S, MdZain BM (2014): Phylogenetic relationships of Malaysia’s long-tailed macaques, Macaca fascicularis, based on cytochrome b sequences. Zookeys 407: 121-139.

Carbone L, Harris RA, Gnerre S, Veeramah KR, Lorente-Galdos B, Huddleston J, Meyer TJ, Herrero J, Roos C, Aken B, Anaclerio F, Archidiacono N, Baker C, Barrell D, Batzer MA, Beal K, Blancher A, Bohrson CL, Brameier M, Campbell MS, Capozzi O, Casola C, Chiatante G, Cree A, Damert A, de Jong PJ, Dumas L, Fernandez-Callejo M, Flicek P, Fuchs NV, Gut I, Gut M, Hahn MW, Hernandez-Rodriguez J, Hillier LW, Hubley R, Ianc B, Izsvák Z, Jablonski NG, Johnstone LM, Karimpour-Fard A, Konkel MK, Kostka D, Lazar NH, Lee SL, Lewis LR, Liu Y, Locke DP, Mallick S, Mendez FL, Muffato M, Nazareth LV, Nevonen KA, O'Bleness M, Ochis C, Odom DT, Pollard KS, Quilez J, Reich D, Rocchi M, Schumann GG, Searle S, Sikela JM, Skollar G, Smit A, Sonmez K, ten Hallers B, Terhune E, Thomas GW, Ullmer B, Ventura M, Walker JA, Wall JD, Walter L, Ward MC, Wheelan SJ, Whelan CW, White S, Wilhelm LJ, Woerner AE, Yandell M, Zhu B, Hammer MF, Marques-Bonet T, Eichler EE, Fulton L, Fronick C, Muzny DM, Warren WC, Worley KC, Rogers J, Wilson RK, Gibbs RA (2014): Gibbon genome and the fast karyotype evolution of small apes. Nature 513: 195-201.

Choi Y, Jung YD, Avarpadikannan S, Koga A, Imai H, Hirai H, Roos C, Kim HS (2014): Novel variable number of tandem repeats of gibbon MAOA gene and its evolutionary significance. Genome 57: 427-432.

Haus T, Ferguson B, Rogers J, Doxiadis G, Certa U, Rose NJ, Teepe R, Weinbauer GF, Roos C (2014): Genome typing of non-human primate models: implications for biomedical research. Trends Genet 30: 482-487.

Haus T, Prinz K, Pauling B, Roos C (2014): Genotyping of non-human primate models: perspectives and challenges for the "3Rs". Primate Biol 1: 1-9.

Kono A, Brameier M Roos C, Suzuki S, Shigenari A, Kametani Y, Kitaura K, Suzuki R, Inoko H, Walter L, Shiina T (2014): Genomic sequence analysis of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I G/F segment in common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). J Immunol 192: 3239-3246.

Kopp GH, Ferreira da Silva MJ, Fischer J, Brito JC, Regnaut S, Roos C, Zinner D (2014): Patterns of mitochondrial DNA variation in baboons: the influence of social systems. Int J Primatol 35: 210-225.

Kopp GH, Roos C, Butynski TM, Wildman DE, Alagaili AN, Groeneveld LF, Zinner D (2014): Out of Africa, but how and when? The case of hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas). J Hum Evol 76: 154-164.

Liedigk R, Roos C, Brameier M, Zinner D (2014): Mitogenomic phylogeny of the Old World monkey tribe Papionini. BMC Evol Biol 14: 176.

Liu G, Walter L, Tang S, Tan X, Shi F, Pan H, Roos C, Liu Z, Li M (2014): Differentiated adaptive evolution, episodic relaxation of selection constraints, and pseudogenization of unami and sweet taste genes TAS1Rs in catarrhine primates. Front Zool 11: 79.

Mittermeier RA, Louis Jr EE, Langrand O, Schwitzer C, Gauthier CA, Rylands AB, Rajaobelina S, Ratsimbazafy J, Rasoloarison R, Hawkins F, Roos C, Richardson M, Kappeler PM (2014): Lémuriens de Madagascar. Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle and Conservation International. 841pp. 

Paculli LM, Supriatna J, Roos C (2014): Pig tailed snub-nose langur Simias concolor Miller, 1903. In: Schwitzer C, Mittermeier RA, Rylands AB, Taylor LA, Chiozza F, Williamson EA, Wallis J, Clark FE (eds.). Primates in peril: the world's 25 most endangered primates 2012-2014. IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group, International Primatological Society, Conservation International, Bristol Zoological Society, 55-56.

Roos C (2014): Phylogeny and taxonomy of Vietnamese primates. In: Nadler T, Brockman D (eds.), Primates of Vietnam. Endangered Primate Rescue Center, Cuc Phuong National Park, 27-36. 

Roos C, Boonratana R, Supriantna J, Fellowes JR, Groves CP, Nash SD, Rylands AB, Mittermeier RA (2014): An updated taxonomy and conservation status review of Asian primates. Asian Primates J 4: 2-38. 

Stefen C, Nadler T, Streicher U, Schwierz E, Roos C (2014): Ein Sonnendachs aus Vietnam. Biol Unserer Zeit 44: 15-16. 

Wilson GA, Butcher LM, Foster HR, Feber A, Roos C, Walter L, Woszczek G, Beck S, Bell CG (2014): Human-specific epigenetic variation in the immunological Leukotriene B4 Receptor (LTB4R/BLT1) implicated in common inflammatory diseases. Genome Med 6: 19.

Yoder AD, Chan LM, dos Reis M, Larsen PA, Campbell CR, Rasoloarison R, Barrett M, Roos C, Kappeler P, Bielawski JP, Yang Z (2014): Molecular evolutionary characterization of a V1R subfamily unique to strepsirrhine primates. Genome Biol Evol 6: 213-227. 

Zinner D, Roos C (2014): So, what is a species anyway? A primatological perspective. Evol Anthropol 23: 21-23.

Zhou X, Wang B, Pan Q, Zhang J, Kumar S, Sun X, Liu Z, Pan H, Lin Y, Liu G, Zhan W, Li M, Ren B, Ma X, Ruan H, Cheng C, Wang D, Shi F, Hui Y, Tao Y, Zhang C, Zhu P, Xiang Z, Jiang W, Chang J, Wang H, Cao Z, Jiang Z, Li B, Yang B, Roos C, Garber PA, Bruford MW, Li R, Li M (2014): Whole-genome sequencing of the snub-nosed monkey provides insights into folivory and evolutionary history. Nat Genet 46: 1303-1310.



Anandam M, Bennett EL, Davenport TRB, Davies NJ, Detwiler KM, Engelhardt A, Eudey AA, Gadsby EL, Groves CP, Healy A, Karanth KP, Molur S, Nadler T, Richardson MC, Riley EP, Roos C, Rylands AB, Sheeran LK, Ting N, Wallis J, Waters SS, Whittaker D, Zinner D (2013): Old World monkeys (Cercopithecidae) - species accounts. In: Mittermeier RA, Rylands AB, Wilson DE (eds.), Handbook of the mammals of the world. Vol. 3. Primates. Lynx Edicions, 628-753.

Anandam M, Groves CP, Molur S, Rawson BM, Richardson MC, Roos C, Whittaker DJ (2013): Family Hylobatidae (Gibbons) - species accounts. In: Mittermeier RA, Rylands AB, Wilson DE (eds.), Handbook of the mammals of the world. Vol. 3. Primates. Lynx Edicions, 778-791.

Barelli C, Matsudaira K, Wolf T, Roos C, Heistermann M, Hodges K, Ishida T, Malaivijitnond S, Reichard UH (2013): Extra-pair paternity confirmed in wild white-handed gibbons. Am J Primatol 75: 1185-1195.

Chan Y-C, Roos C, Inoue-Murayama M, Inoue E, Shih C-C, Jai-Chyi Pei K, Vigilant L (2013): Inferring the evolutionary histories of divergences in Hylobates and Nomascus through multilocus sequence data. BMC Evol Biol 13: 82.

Finstermeier K, Zinner D, Brameier M, Meyer M, Kreuz E, Hofreiter M, Roos C (2013): A mitogenomic phylogeny of living primates. PLoS ONE 8: e69504.

Haus T, Akom E, Agwanda B, Hofreiter M, Roos C*, Zinner D* (2013): Mitochondrial diversity and distribution of African green monkeys (Chlorocebus Gray, 1870). Am J Primatol 75: 350-360. *shared authorship

Haus T, Roos C*, Zinner D* (2013): Discordance between spatial distributions of Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial haplotypes in African green monkeys (Chlorocebus spp.): A result of introgressive hybridization or cryptic diversity? Int J Primatol 34: 986-999. *shared authorship

Kanber D, Buiting K, Roos C, Gromoll J, Kaya S, Horsthemke B, Lohmann D (2013): The evolutionary origin of the RB1 imprint. PLoS ONE 8: e81502.

Kolleck J, Yang M, Zinner D, Roos C (2013): Genetic diversity in endangered Guizhou snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus brelichi): Contrasting results from microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA data. PLoS ONE 8: e73647.

Lui Z, Wang B, Nadler T, Liu G, Sun T, Huang C, Zhou Q, Zhou J, Que T, Wang Z, Roos C*, Li M* (2013): Relatively recent evolution of pelage coloration in Colobinae: phylogeny and phylogeography of three closely related langur species. PLoS ONE 8: e61659. *shared authorship

Roos C, Boonratana R, Supriatna J, Fellowes JR, Rylands AB, Mittermeier RA (2013): An updated taxonomy of primates in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and China. Vietn J Primatol 2 (2): 13-26. 

Zinner D, Fickenscher GH, Roos C (2013): Family Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys). In: Mittermeier RA, Rylands AB, Wilson DE (eds.), Handbook of the mammals of the world. Vol. 3. Primates. Lynx Edicions, 550-627.

Zinner D, Roos C (2013): Natürliche Hybridisierung bei Primaten. Biospektrum 3/2013: 2-4.

Zinner D, Wertheimer J, Liedigk R, Groeneveld LF, Roos C (2013): Baboon phylogeny as inferred from complete mitochondrial genomes. Am J Phys Anthropol 150: 133-140.



Bell CG, Wilson GA, Butcher LM, Roos C, Walter L, Beck S (2012): Human-specific CpG “beacons” identify loci associated with human-specific traits and disease. Epigenetics 7: 1188-1199.

Chan Y-C, Roos C, Inoue-Muarayama M, Inoue E, Shih C-C, Vigilant L (2012): A comparative analysis of Y chromosome and mtDNA phylogenies of the Hylobates gibbons. BMC Evol Biol 12: 150.

Duc HM, Covert HH, Roos C, Nadler T (2012): A note on phenotypical and genetic differences of silvered langurs in Indochina (Trachypithecus germaini and T. margarita). Vietn J Primatol 2(1): 47-54.

Huchard E, Albrecht C, Schliehe-Diecks S, Baniel A, Roos C, Kappeler PM, Brameier M (2012): Large-scale MHC class II genotyping of a wild lemur population by next generation sequencing. Immunogenetics 64: 895-913.

Liedigk R, Yang M, Jablonski N, Momberg F, Geissmann T, Lwin N, Htin Hla T, Liu Z, Wong B, Li M, Yongcheng L, Zhang Y-P, Nadler T, Zinner D, Roos C (2012): Evolutionary history of the odd-nosed monkeys and the phylogenetic position of the newly described Myanmar snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus strykeri. PLoS ONE 7:e37418.

Mätz-Rensing K, Lampe K, Rohde G, Roos C, Kaup FJ (2012): Massive visceral pentastomiasis in a long-tailed macaque - an incidental finding. J Med Primatol 41: 210-213.

McLain AT, Meyer TJ, Faulk C, Herke SW, Oldenburg JM, Bourgeois MG, Abshire CF, Roos C*, Batzer MA* (2012): An Alu-based phylogeny of lemurs (Infraorder: Lemuriformes). PLoS ONE 7: e44035. *shared authorship

Meyer D, Hodges JK, Rinaldi D, Wijaya A, Roos C, Hammerschmidt K (2012): Acoustic structure of male loud-calls support the molecular phylogeny of Sumatran and Javanese leaf monkeys (genus Presbytis). BMC Evol Biol 12: 16.

Meyer TC, McLain AT, Oldenburg JM, Faulk C, Bourgeois MG, Conlin EM, Mootnick AR, de Jong P, Roos C, Carbone L, Batzer MA (2012): An Alu-based phylogeny of gibbons (Hylobatidae). Mol Biol Evol 29: 3441-3450.

Prothmann A, Laube I, Dietz J, Roos C, Mengel K, Zischler H, Herlyn H (2012): Sexual size dimorphism predicts rates of sequence evolution of SPerm Adhesion Molecule 1 (SPAM1, also PH-20) in monkeys, but not in apes (including humans). Mol Phylogenet Evol 63: 52-63.

Ting N, Astaras C, Hearn G, Honarvar S, Corush J, Burrell AS, Phillips N, Morgan BJ, Gadsby EL, Raaum R, Roos C (2012): Genetic signatures of a demographic collapse in a large-bodied forest dwelling primate (Mandrillus leucophaeus). Ecol Evol 2: 550-561.

Wang XP, Yu L, Roos C, Ting N, Chen CP, Wang J, Zhang YP (2012): Phylogenetic relationships among the colobine monkeys revisited: new insights from the analyses of complete mitochondrial genomes and forty-four nuclear non-coding markers. PLoS ONE 7: e36274.

Wu PC, Chen JB, Kawamura S, Roos C, Merker S, Shih CC, Hsu BD, Lim C, Chang TW (2012): The IgE gene in primates exhibits extraordinary evolutionary diversity. Immunogenetics 64: 279-287.

Yang M, Yang Y, Cui D, Fickenscher G, Zinner D, Roos C, Brameier M (2012): Population genetic structure of Guizhou snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus brelichi) as inferred from mitochondrial control region sequences, and comparison with R. bieti and R. roxellana. Am J Phys Anthropol 147: 1-10.



Averdam A, Kuschal C, Otto N, Westphal N, Roos C, Reinhardt R, Walter L (2011): Sequence analysis of the grey mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus) MHC class II DQ and DR region. Immunogenetics 63: 85-93.

Ebenau A, Nadler T, Zinner D, Roos C (2011): Genetic population structure of the critically endangered Delacour’s langur in Van Long Nature Reserve, Vietnam. Vietn J Primatol 1(5): 1-15.

Kenyon M, Roos C, Binh VT, Chivers D (2011): Extrapair paternity in golden-cheeked gibbons (Nomascus gabriellae) in the secondary lowland forest of Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam. Folia Primatol 82: 154-164.

Mätz-Rensing K, Kunze M, Zöller M, Roos C, Kiderlen A, Ludwig C, Kaup FJ (2011): Fatal Balamuthia mandrillaris infection in a gorilla - first case of balamuthiasis in Germany. J Med Primatol 40: 437-440.

Matauschek C, Roos C, Heymann EW (2011): Mitochondrial phylogeny of tamarins (Saguinus, Hoffmannsegg 1807) with taxonomic and biogeographic implications for the S. nigricollis species group. Am J Phys Anthropol 144: 564-574.

Meyer D, Rinaldi ID, Ramlee H, Perwitasari-Farajallah D, Hodges JK, Roos C (2011): Mitochondrial phylogeny of leaf monkeys (genus Presbytis, Eschscholtz, 1821) with implications for taxonomy and conservation. Mol Phylogenet Evol 59: 311-319.

Nadler T, Stefen C, Schwierz E, Streicher U, Roos C (2011): A new species of ferret-badger, genus Melogale, from Vietnam. Zool Garten (NF) 80: 271-286.

Perelman P, Johnson WE, Roos C, Seuanez HN, Horvath JE, Moreira MAM, Kessing B, Pontius J, Roelke, M, Rumpler Y, Schneider MPC, Silva A, O’Brien SJ, Pecon-Slattery J (2011): A molecular phylogeny of living primates. PLoS Genet 7: e1001342.

Rawson BM, Insua-Cao P, Ha NM, Thinh VN, Duc HM, Mahood S, Geissmann T, Roos C (2011): The conservation status of gibbons in Vietnam. Fauna & Flora International, Conservation International. 155pp. ISBN 978-1-903703-30-4

Roos C, Walter L, Zinner D (2011): Natural hybridization in primates. In: Weinbauer GF, Vogel F (eds.), Future trends in primate toxicology and biotechnology. Waxmann, 9-33.

Roos C*, Zinner D*, Kubatko LS, Schwarz C, Yang M, Meyer D, Nash SD, Xing J, Batzer MA, Brameier M, Leendertz FH, Ziegler T, Perwitasari-Farjallah D, Nadler T, Walter L, Osterholz M (2011): Nuclear versus mitochondrial DNA: evidence for hybridization in colobine monkeys. BMC Evol Biol 11: 77. *shared authorship

Rumpler Y, Hauwy M, Fausser JL, Roos C, Zaramody A, Andriaholinirina N, Zinner D (2011): Comparing chromosomal and mitochondrial phylogenies of the Indriidae (Primates, Lemuriformes). Chromosome Res 19: 209-224.

Shiina T, Kono A, Westphal N, Suzuki S, Hosomichi K, Kita YF, Roos C, Inoko H, Walter L (2011): Comparative genome analysis of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I B/C segments in primates elucidated by genomic sequencing in common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). Immunogenetics63: 485-499.

Thinh VN, Hallam C, Roos C, Hammerschmidt K (2011): Concordance between vocal and genetic diversity in crested gibbons. BMC Evol Biol 11: 36.

Zinner D, Arnold ML, Roos C (2011): The strange blood: natural hybridization in primates. Evol Anthropol 20: 96-103.

Zinner D, Buba U, Nash S, Roos C (2011): Pan-African voyagers: the phylogeography of baboons. In: Sommer V, Ross C (eds.), Primates of Gashaka. Developments in primatology: progress and prospects volume 35. Springer, 267-306.



Abi-Rached L, Kuhl H, Roos C, ten Hallers B, Zhu B, Carbone L, de Jong PJ, Mootnick AR, Knaust F, Reinhardt R, Parham P, Walter L (2010): A small, variable, and irregular Killer cell Ig-like Receptor locus accompanies the absence of MHC-C and MHC-G in gibbons. J Immunol184: 1379-1391.

Chan Y-C, Roos C, Inoue-Murayama M, Inoue E, Shih C-C, Jai-Chyi Pei K, Vigilant L (2010): Mitochondrial genome sequences effectively reveal the phylogeny of Hylobates gibbons. PLoS ONE 5: e14419.

Döring Y, Zechner U, Roos C, Rosenkranz D, Zischler H, Herlyn H (2010): Accelerated evolution of Fetuin-A (FETUA, also AHSG) is driven by positive Darwinian selection, not GC-biased gene conversion. Gene 463: 49-55.

Keller C, Roos C, Groeneveld LF, Fischer J, Zinner D (2010): Introgressive hybridization in southern African baboons shapes patterns of mtDNA variation. Am J Phys Anthropol 142: 125-136.

Mittermeier RA, Louis Jr EE, Richardson M, Schwitzer C, Langrand O, Rylands AB, Hawkins F, Rajaobelina S, Ratsimbazafy J, Rasoloarison R, Roos C, Kappeler PM, MacKinnon J (2010): Lemurs of Madagascar, 3. edition. Conservation International, Tropical Field Guide Series. 767pp. ISBN 978-1-934151-23-5

Thinh VN, Hung LV, Dung NT, Roos C (2010): Population survey of white-cheeked crested gibbons in Ke Go Nature Reserve, Ha Tinh Province, and Khe Net Proposed Nature Reserve, Quang Binh Province. Fauna & Flora International, Conservation International, German Primate Centre. 26pp.

Thinh VN, Mootnick AR, Geissmann T, Li M, Ziegler T, Agil M, Moisson P, Nadler T, Walter L, Roos C (2010): Mitochondrial evidence for multiple radiations in the evolutionary history of small apes. BMC Evol Biol 10: 74.

Thinh VN, Mootnick AR, Thanh VN, Nadler T, Roos C (2010): A new species of crested gibbon, from the central Annamite mountain range. Vietn J Primatol 1(4): 1-12.

Thinh VN, Nadler T, Roos C, Hammerschmidt K (2010): Taxon-specific vocal characteristics of crested gibbons (Nomascus spp.). In: Nadler T, Rawson BM, Thinh VN (eds.), Conservation of primates in Indochina. Frankfurt Zoological Society, Conservation International, 121-132.

Thinh VN, Rawson B, Hallam C, Kenyon M, Nadler T, Walter L, Roos C (2010): Phylogeny and distribution of crested gibbons (genus Nomascus) based on mitochondrial cytochrome b gen

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